Tag Archives: Islamic History

Early Islamic History Demystified | Part 5: Ali and Muawiyah

A New Khalifah Suddenly, Madinah was in chaos. There was no leader anymore. The people needed a new khalifah and Ali (ra) was clearly the best candidate. He was one of the six people whom Umar (ra) had nominated, he had served as a judge in the city, he was well known and beloved to the people. According to some …

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Early Islamic History Demystified | Part 4: Rebellion and the Murder of ‘Uthman

The Council of Six After Abu Bakr (ra)’s passing, ‘Umar (ra) became khalifah without any controversy. His rule lasted 10 years and was a time of great expansion for Islam. There’s little that people get confused about in regards to his rule so we’ll skip to the actual controversies. Throughout the two rules of Abu Bakr (ra) and ‘Umar (ra), …

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Early Islamic History Demystified | Part 1: Historiography

Introduction One of the most confusing periods of Islamic history is early Islamic history. Those of us who grew up as Muslims almost certainly received a somewhat comprehensive education of the seerah. Weekend school and general reading provided a good overview of the lives and times of the four khulafah. But the era right after this is a big black …

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Imam al-Layth’s letter to Imam Mālik

For the context of this letter, please refer to this post. — In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Form al-Layth b. Sa`d to Mālik b. Anas. I salute you with peace and praise Allah besides whom there is no God. May Allah grant prosperity to us both, and bless us with the good in this world and …

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Imam Mālik’s letter to Imam al-Layth

Of the most famous intellectual rivalries in Islamic history is the rivalry of Imam Mālik ibn Anas and Imam al-Layth ibn Sa’d. Both were tremendous legal scholars, both founded a madhab, and both were intellectual powerhouses. More importantly, both were men of impeccable adab and held each other in the utmost respect. Ibn al Qayyim al-Jawziyyah records some correspondence between …

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The Compilation of the Qur’an

Somewhere in the back of our minds, we vaguely know that the Qur’an has been preserved impeccably, to a level unparalleled by any other scripture. However, many Muslim men don’t know the exact process by which we have the Qur’an today. In this post, I’ll give a brief overview about the compilation of the Qur’an.

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The Caged Hawk at Toulon-Abdul Qadir al-Jazairi

Abdul Qadir al-Jazairi (alternatively spelled Abdelkader El Djezairi) was an Algerian scholar who led the struggle against French colonization in the mid 19th century. His consistent regard for human rights drew widespread admiration from across the globe. In a famous incident, he released all his French prisoners of war, stating that without the food to properly feed them, Islam did not …

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A Brief History of Hadith

Some people always love to claim that the Prophet ﷺ prohibited writing down hadith. This is absolutely and unequivocally true……..in the early stage of Islam. We have an authentic narration in Sahih Muslim where the Prophet ﷺ said “Do not write down from me anything other than the Qur’an.” Why on earth would he say this? Most importantly, because he …

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The Rise of Asharism

In the 3rd century AH, a man named Abul Hasan Ali ibn Ismail ibn al-Bishr, a descendant of the famous sahabi Abu Musa al-Ashari was born in Basra. This was an era when Mu’tazilism was gaining a strong foothold in the Muslim community. To very briefly explain Mu’tazilism, they were a sect which tried to meld Islam with Aristotelian philosophy. …

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The Rise of Mu’tazilism

The famous scholar of the tabi’een Al-Hasan al-Basri was teaching a halaqah when the topic came up of a Muslim who commits major sins. Al-Hasan said that such a person, although a sinner, is still undoubtedly a Muslim. The belief of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah is that the commiting of a sin, no matter how major, does not expel one …

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